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Equestrian / Dressage

The long and colourful traditions of dressage go as far back as ancient Greece. Dressage, the highest expression of horse training, is considered the art of equestrian sport and is used as the groundwork for all other disciplines.


Two thousand years ago, the ancient Greeks recognised that if rider and horse were to survive in battle, complete cooperation was necessary between the pair and developed Dressage as a method to train the horses for war. A horse’s ability to move quickly from side to side, burst into a gallop or change direction immediately were all considered vital skills.


With the disintegration of Ancient Greece, the art of riding slowly fell into oblivion, until its revival during the Renaissance period. In the 18th century, classical Dressage reached its peak with the creation of the world-famous Spanish Riding School in 1729 in Vienna, and laid the basis of the modern discipline. More recently and with unprecedented success, the freestyle to music test was introduced and has since become an integral part of Dressage, making its Olympic début in Atlanta 1996. Freestyle is the pinnacle of Dressage execution and when it works, the result is magic.

  • Title:
    Equestrian Federation of Turkmenistan


    General Secretary: 
    Berdimuhammet Berdimuradov 

    • It is an international sport, and one of the horse sports included in the Olympic games.
    • Men and women compete against each other at all levels — local, national or international — with women regularly taking the awards podium at the Olympic games.
    • Dressage as we know it has origins in the 1600s, as a gentleman’s sport based on the training of cavalry horses.